0001-01-01 05:00 UTC
Question: to what extent does scientific endeavor proceed ahead of the kind of "philosophy of science" which we are discussing now, and to what extent does it follow?
58: A clock is called 'accurate' and a measurement rod 'rigid' only if the movements measured with the help of these instruments satisfy the axioms of mechanics which we have decided to accept.
59: Whenever the 'classical' system of the day is threatened by the results of new experiments which might be interpreted as falsifications according to my point of view, the system will appear unshaken to the conventionalist.
62: As regards auxiliary hypotheses we propose to lay down the rule that only those are acceptable whose introduction does not diminish the degree of falsifiability or testability of the system in question, but, on the contrary, increasese it.
recall that our falsifiable hypotheses fundamentally rule out possibilties
63: (An example would be the assumption that a certain observation or measurement which cannot be repeated may have been due to error.